DECISION  525  
Minimum specific technical characteristics of Andean Passport nomenclature and security  

       THE ANDEAN COUNCIL OF FOREIGN MINISTERS,  

       HAVING SEEN: Articles 3 and 16 of the Cartagena Agreement; Decisions 458 and 504 of the Andean Council of Foreign Ministers on Common Foreign Policy Guidelines and on the Creation of the Andean Passport; and General Secretariat Proposal 71/Rev. 1;  

       WHEREAS: The Member Countries have set themselves the target of forming the Andean Common Market by 2005 at the latest;  

       The sovereign decision of each of the Member Countries to create the Andean Passport, formalized through Decision 504 of the Andean Council of Foreign Ministers, is a significant step toward the building of a community of Andean citizens and the international identification of the Andean Community as a group of countries committed to a common integration project;  

       Decision 504 stipulates that the Andean Passport issued by each Member Country should be based on a standard model and contain minimum harmonized characteristics as to nomenclature and security elements, based on ICAO recommendations;  

       During the Eleventh Andean Presidential Council held in Cartagena in May 1999, the Presidents agreed to charge the Andean Council of Foreign Ministers with taking the necessary measures to ensure that the Andean Immigration Committee prepares a working agenda that gives special emphasis to the harmonizing, simplification and unification of immigration procedures; the approval of documents for identification and circulation among the Member Countries; and the establishment of mechanisms for the exchange of information and coordination among authorities, with a view toward facilitating the mobilization of people in the Andean subregion by the year 2005 at the latest, bearing in mind the individual situation that exists in each country;   

       At the Thirteenth Andean President Council, which took place in Carabobo in June 2001, the Heads of State of the Member Countries instructed the Andean Committee of Immigration Authorities (CAAM), with the support of the General Secretariat, to submit to the Andean Council of Foreign Ministers no later than December 2001 proposals on the harmonizing of immigration legislation for students, business people, investors, artists and sportsmen and women and on the uniform regime on the specific technical characteristics of the Andean Passport;  

       The Andean Committee of Immigration Authorities (CAAM), at its Sixth Regular Meeting, recommended that the General Secretariat should submit the draft Decision on the minimum specific technical characteristics of Andean Passport nomenclature and security to the Andean Council of Foreign Ministers;  

       BEARING IN MIND: The contents of Chapter 3 B of Annex 9 to the Chicago Convention regarding standards and recommended practices on Facilitation, and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Document 9303 on Machine Readable Travel Documents;  

DECIDES:  

       Article 1.- The Andean Passport to be issued by each of the Member Countries shall conform to the standards recommended by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for travel documents and shall contain at least the technical specifications regarding nomenclature and security set out in Annex 1 to this Decision.    

       Article 2.- The incorporation into the Andean Passport of additional nomenclature and security elements to those established by this Decision shall be subject to the sovereign authority of the Member Countries in accordance with their respective laws.   

       Article 3.- The Andean Passport should contain a machine-readable area, in accordance with ICAO recommendations.   

       Article 4.- Any additional security characteristics to those listed in Annex 1 to this Decision that the Member Countries may decide to incorporate into the Andean Passport to avoid its forgery, fraudulent imitation or use by imposters, should not interfere with its machine readability.  

       Article 5.- Member Countries shall issue the Andean Passport with an initial validity of at least five (5) years.   

       Article 6.- Member Countries shall issue an Andean Passport to each holder, avoiding issuing joint passports to couples or including children in their parents’ passports.   

       Article 7.- This Decision shall enter into effect on the date of its publication in the Official Newspaper of the Cartagena Agreement.   

TEMPORARY PROVISIONS  

       First.- The Andean Committee of Immigration Authorities (CAAM) shall monitor the progress made by each Member Country in implementing this Decision on a biannual basis, until such time as the Andean Passport has been fully instituted.   

       Second.- All national passports issued before this Decision enters into effect shall remain fully valid until they expire.   

       Signed in the city of Lima , Peru , on the seventh of July of two thousand and two.  

 

ANNEX I    

BASIC ANDEAN PASSPORT NOMENCLATURE AND SECURITY PROVISIONS  

1.    Physical characteristics of the Andean Passport:  

1.1.-    The physical nature of the Andean Passport will be such that any distortions resulting from normal use may be surmounted by the machine reading device without impairing the use of those passports or the operation of the machine reading device.   

1.2.-    With normal use, the Andean Passport will hold no toxic risk.   

1.3.-    The Andean Passport will be resistant to the chemical effects inherent to its normal handling and use, unless it has been given chemical-sensitive treatment for security reasons.   

1.4.-    The Andean Passport may be read mechanically at temperatures ranging from -10ºC to +50ºC. It should not become unreliable even if stored at temperatures of between -35ºC and+80ºC.  

1.5.-    The Andean Passport may be used in an environment with a relative humidity of from 5% to 95%, at a maximum moist bulb temperature of 25ºC. Its reliability should not be impaired by storage in an environment with a relative humidity of from 0% to 100%.  

1.6.-    The Andean Passport shall be resistant to deterioration caused by exposure to light in the course of normal use.   

1.7.-    Whenever possible, the Andean Passport shall be made from controlled materials that cannot be acquired except for official use.    

2.    Andean Passport Data Page.  

2.1.-    The Andean Passport data page will measure 88mm x 125mm and will have a minimum thickness of 0.25mm and a maximum of 0.90mm.  

2.2.-    The data page will be either the first or the last page of the Andean Passport.  The machine reading area of the Andean Passport will be located adjacent to its outer border parallel to the spine.   

2.3.-    The data page of the Andean Passport will contain at least the following information:  

Data

Specifications

Issuing State

Name of the country issuing the passport

Document Name

It will bear the word PASSPORT

Type of Document

The letter P will be used to indicate that it is a machine readable passport 

Issuing country (in code)

A three-letter code will be used (BOL-COL-ECU-PER-VEN)

Passport number

Assigned by the issuing country. 

Family and given names of the holder

Passport holder’s family and given names.

Nationality (unabbreviated)

Holder’s nationality.

Date of birth

Passport holder’s date of birth.

To be entered using the format day/month/year

Sex

Female: F; Male: M.

Date of issue

Date of issue of the machine-readable passport.

To be entered using the format day/month/year

Issuing authority or office

Indicate the issuing authority or office.

Personal identification document number

Number assigned by the issuing country to identify the document.

Place of birth

Passport holder’s place of birth.

Expiration date

Expiration date of the machine-readable passport.

To be entered using the format day/month/year

Holder’s signature or usual mark

Holder’s signature or usual mark.

Holder’s photograph

The photograph will be in color and will cover an area of 45mm x 35mm that is reserved for it.  The head from chin to crown will fill 70 to 80% of the vertical area of the photograph.  The issuing State may, if it wishes, add one or more security elements, provided that these do not hide the face.  

 

2.4.-    Recommended model showing the location of the information on the Andean Passport data page:  

This model is not shown to scale and is given merely for reference purposes.  It contains the minimum data the Andean Passport must present.  Member Countries may resize the data fields as they wish. 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 2.5.-    The titles shown on the data page will be given in Spanish and English. 

3.    Andean Passport Machine reading area.  

3.1.-    The Andean Passport will contain a machine reading area that will be governed by the specifications contained in ICAO Document 9303, Part I.  

3.2.-    The pertinent data will be entered in the machine reading area using size 1 OCR-B-type capitals of the same width with a 2.54mm separation between characters.    

3.3.-    Only the following characters will be used in the Andean passport machine reading area:  

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z < 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0  

3.4.-    The Andean Passport machine reading area will consist of two (2) lines of forty-five characters each.    

3.5.-    The first machine reading line of the Andean Passport will contain the following data, which will occupy the positions indicated below:  

Character positions

Information

Specifications

1 and 2

Type of document

A capital “P” will be entered, followed by the filler character (<)[1].

3 to 5

Issuing country

The three-letter code will be used (BOL-COL-ECU-PER-VEN).

6 to 44

Holder’s family and given names

The first and second family names, as well as the first and second given names will be separated by a filler character (<). The family and given names will be separated by two filler characters (<<).

 3.6.-    The second machine reading line of the Andean Passport will contain the following data, which will occupy the positions indicated below:

Character positions

Information

Specifications

1 to 9

Passport number

The number assigned by the issuing country, which will be followed by filler characters (<) up to position 9 .

10

Passport number verification digit

To be calculated by the method specified in ICAO Document 9303, Part I.

11 to 13

Nationality

The three-letter code will be used (BOL-COL-ECU-PER-VEN)

14 to 19

Holder’s date of birth

The format to be used is YY MM DD

YY= year (2 spaces)

MM= month (2 spaces)

DD= day (2 spaces)

20

Birth date verification digit

To be calculated by the method specified in ICAO Document 9303, Part I.

21

Sex

F= female; M= male.

22 to 27

Passport expiration date

The format to be used is YY MM DD

YY= year (2 spaces)

MM= month (2 spaces)

DD= day (2 spaces)

28

Passport expiration date verification digit

To be calculated by the method specified in ICAO Document 9303, Part I.

29 to 42

Number of personal identification document or other discretionary data.  The use of these positions is up to the issuing Country.  

If this field is not used, the character positions from 29 to 42 will be occupied by filler characters <.

43

Verification digit

To be calculated by the method specified in ICAO Document 9303, Part I.

44

General verification digit

To be calculated by the method specified in ICAO Document 9303, Part I.

 4.    Minimum Andean Passport security elements.  

4.1.-    The cover of the Andean Passport will be made from tamper resistant materials.  

4.2.-    The Andean Passport will be made from paper containing a high percentage of rag or wood pulp paste.  

4.3.-    The thread used to sew together the pages of the Andean Passport should be  100% cotton with an invisible fluorescent tint of at least one color.  

4.4.-    Straight stitches will be used to sew the Andean Passport with double stitches at the ends.  

4.5.-    The paper used for the Andean Passport will have a watermark and safety reagents to ensure against attempts at chemical erasure.   

4.6.-    The personal data, photograph and signature of the holder should be incorporated into the basic material of the Andean Passport data page, preferably through mechanical or automated printing.   

4.7.-    The Andean Passport data page will be laminated.  

4.8.-    All of the pages of the Andean Passport as of page 3 will bear perforated numbers.   

4.9.-    The pages of the Andean Passport will preferably be numbered with fluorescent ink that will show up under low ultraviolet light.   

* * * * *


 

[1]    The letter “P” indicates that it is a passport.  The second character, for optional use by the States, is intended to identify the type of passport (i.e. Diplomatic or official). It is not applicable to the Andean Passport because this format is to be used only for ordinary passports.