Declaration of Margarita
Building the Energy Integration of the South
We, the Heads
of State and of Government of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia,
Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Suriname and Venezuela, gathered on
April 17, 2007, in the city of Porlamar, Nueva Esparta State of the Bolivarian
Republic of Venezuela, agree, in keeping with the conclusions and
recommendations presented by our Ministers of Energy during their Second
the guiding principles of regional energy integration set forth in the
Declaration of the First Meeting of Ministers of Energy of the South American
Community of Nations, of September 26, 2005, in Caracas, Venezuela; and in the
Presidential Declaration on South American Energy Integration, signed on
December 9, 2006 in Cochabamba, Bolivia.
that the energy integration of the South American Community of Nations should be
used as an important tool to promote social and economic development and
eradicate poverty. In this connection, we reiterate the commitment to
universalize access to energy as a right of all citizens.
existing relations among the member countries of the South American Community of
Nations on the basis of the sustainable use of their energy resources and
potential, thereby taking advantage of economic complementarities to reduce
asymmetries in the region and to move toward South American unity.
that the State, society and energy enterprises are the key actors in the energy
integration process, in such a way that a balance is achieved between the
interests of the countries, the needs of the people and the efficiency of the
the development and expansion of the region’s energy integration infrastructure
through joint investments for the primary purpose of ensuring that the resources
of the producer countries reach the entire South American region and contribute
to equity and social justice.
toward the systematizing and evaluation of the South American energy balance in
order to project a regional energy matrix, identify options for energy
integration and promote integration projects of the South American Community of
the development of our countries’ energy infrastructure as an element that will
guarantee the sustainability of South American integration.
the development of renewable energy because it plays an important role in the
diversification of the primary energy matrix, energy security, the promotion of
universal access to energy, and environmental preservation.
our recognition of the potential of biofuels to diversify South America’s energy
matrix. In this connection, we will join forces to exchange experiences in the
region, with a view to employing these sources for maximum efficiency, in such a
way that they promote social development and the development of agricultural
technology and production.
cooperation programs and activities involving the saving and efficient use of
cooperation among the member countries’ national petroleum companies, including
the industrialization of hydrocarbons and commercial energy transactions,
thereby contributing to the development and competitiveness of South America and
enhancing our peoples’ welfare within the framework of criteria of
complementarity, solidarity and equity.
our recognition of the initiatives taken by different countries to increase
cooperation in and the coordination of energy efforts, such as PETROSUR,
PETROANDINA, PETROAMERICA, Petrolera del Cono Sur and others.
importance of assuring compatibility between the production of all energy
sources, agricultural production, environmental preservation and the promotion
and defense of decent social and labor conditions, thereby ensuring South
America’s role as an efficient energy producer.
our concern over the consequences of climate change and its negative prospects,
and call upon all countries, particularly the developed nations, to promote
responsible energy consumption policies in keeping with the needs of all the
world’s regions, population and ecosystems.
mechanisms that will make it possible to move ahead in harmonizing regulations,
standards and technical specifications that will make energy interconnections
and interchanges among countries viable.
technical cooperation initiatives and human resource training programs of the
region’s countries, as well as the exchange of information, institutional
strengthening and capacity building.
that scientific and technological innovation and the promotion of joint research
on energy matters constitute an appropriate vehicle for the region’s
technological development. In this connection, it is recommended that links be
established among member country research centers to contribute to
decision-making by the South American Community of Nations.
hereby create the South American Energy Council made up of the Ministers of
Energy of each country, to, based on the principles set forth in this
Declaration, present proposed guidelines for the South American Energy Strategy,
the Action Plan and the South American Treaty on Energy, which will be discussed
at the Third South American Summit.
Island, April 17, 2007.